|BREED STANDARD FOR POMERANIAN|
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD : 05.03.1998.
UTILIZATION : Watch and Companion Dog.
CLASSIFICATION F.C.I. : Group 5 Spitz and primitive types.
Section 4 European Spitz, Without working trial.
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY
: German Spitz are descendants of the stone age « Peat Dogs » (Torfhund)
: Spitz breeds are captivating on account of their beautiful coats,
made to stand off by
IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS : The ratio of height at withers to body length is 1 : 1.
BEHAVIOUR AND CHARACTER
: The German Spitz is always attentive, lively and exceptionally
devoted to his owner.
CRANIAL REGION : The
Spitz’s medium size head, seen from above, appears broadest at the
back and tapers in
Stop : Moderate to marked, never abrupt.
FACIAL REGION :
Nose : The nose is round, small and pure black, dark brown in brown Spitz.
Muzzle : The muzzle is not
overlong and stands in pleasing proportion to the skull.
Lips : The lips are not
exaggerated, close fitting to the jaws and do not form any folds to
the corner of the mouth.
Jaws/Teeth : The jaws are
normally developed and show a complete scissor bite with 42 teeth,
Cheeks : The cheeks are gently rounded, not protruding.
Eyes : The eyes are of
medium size, longish shape, slightly slanting and dark.
Ears : The small ears are
set high and relatively close to each other, triangular and pointed;
: The medium length neck is set broadly into the shoulders, slightly
arched without throatiness and
Topline : The topline
starts at the tips of the erectly carried prick-ears and merges in a
gentle curve with the short,
Withers/Back: : The high withers drop imperceptibly into the shortest possible, straight, firm back.
Loin : Short-coupled, broad and strong.
Croup : The croup is broad and short, not falling away.
Chest : The deep chest is well sprung, the forechest well developed.
Lower line : The brisket reaches as far back as possible; the belly has only a slight tuck up.
: The tail is set on high and of medium length. It reaches upwards
and rolls forward over the back,
General : Straight, rather broad front.
Shoulders : The
shoulder-blade is long and well laid back. The upper arm, which is
approximately the same length,
Elbow : The elbow joint is strong, close fitting to the brisket and turns neither in nor out.
Forearm : The forearm is
of medium length in relation to the body, sturdy and completely
Metacarpus (Pastern) :The strong, medium length front pastern stands at an angle of 20 degrees from the vertical.
Front feet : The front
feet are as small as possible, round and closed, so called cat feet,
with well arched toes.
General : The hindquarters are very muscular and abundantly feathered to the hocks. The hind legs stand straight and parallel.
Upper and lower thigh : Upper and lower thigh are of about equal length.
Stifle : The stifle joint is strong with only moderate angulations and is turned neither in nor out in movement.
Metatarsal (Hock) : The hock is of medium length, very strong and vertical to the ground.
Hind feet : The hind feet
are as small as possible, tightly closed with well arched toes, so
called cat feet.
GAIT/MOVEMENT : The German Spitz moves straight ahead with good drive, fluid and springy.
SKIN : The skin covers the body tightly without any wrinkles.
HAIR : The German Spitz
has a double coat : Long, straight, stand off top coat and short,
a) Wolfsspitz/Keeshound : Grey shaded.
b) Giant-Spitz : Black, brown, white.
c) Medium size Spitz : Black, brown, white, orange, grey-shaded, other colours.
d) Miniature Spitz : Black, brown, white, orange, grey-shaded, other colours.
e) Toy Spitz/Pomeranian : Black, brown, white, orange, grey-shaded, other colours.
Black Spitz : In the black
Spitz, the undercoat and skin must also be black and the colour on
top must be a
Brown Spitz : The brown Spitz should be uniformly dark brown.
White Spitz : The coat
should be pure white without any trace of yellow in particular,
Orange Spitz : The orange Spitz should be evenly coloured in the medium colour range.
Grey-shaded Spitz Keeshond / Keeshond : Grey-shaded is a silver grey with black hair-tips. Muzzle and ears dark in colour; round the eyes well defined « spectacles » shown as a delicately pencilled black line slanting from outer corner of eye to lower corner of ear, coupled with distinct markings and shading forming expressive short eyebrow; mane and ring on shoulder lighter; fore- and hindlegs without any black marking under the elbows or stifles, except slight pencilling on the toes; black tip of tail; underside of tail and trousers pale silver grey.
Other coloured Spitz : The term « other colours » covers all shades of colour, such as : cream, cream-sable, orange-sable, black and tan and particolour (with white always as main colour). The black, brown, grey or orange patches must be distributed over the whole body.
SIZE AND WEIGHT :
Height at the withers : a) Wolfspitz/Keeshond 49 cm +/- 6 cm
b) Giant Spitz 46 cm +/- 4 cm
c) Medium size Spitz 34 cm +/- 4 cm
d) Miniature Spitz 26 cm +/- 3 cm
20 cm +/- 2 cm
Weight : Each variety of German Spitz should have a weight corresponding to its size.
FAULTS : Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.
SERIOUS FAULTS :
· Faults in construction.
· Head too flat; distinct apple head.
· Flesh-coloured nose, eyelids and lips.
· In Wolfspitz/Keeshond, Giant Spitz and Medium size Spitz missing teeth.
· Faults in movement.
· In grey-shaded Spitz missing of distinct markings of the face.
ELIMINATING FAULTS :
· Aggresive or overly shy
· Gap in fontanel.
· Over-or undershot bite.
· Ectropion or entropion.
· Semi-pricked ears.
· Definite white patches in all not white Spitz.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
N.B. : Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.