: Northern Russia and Siberia.
Nordic Kennel Union (NKU).
DATE OF PUBLICATION
OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD
: Sledge- and companion dog.
F.C.I. : Group
5 Spitz and primitive types.
Section 1 Nordic sledge dogs.
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY
: The name Samoyed derives from the Samoyed Tribes in Northern
Russia and Siberia.
In Southern parts of the area they used white, black and brown
parti-coloured dogs as reindeer herders ; in the northern
parts the dogs were pure white, had a mild temperament and were used
as hunting- and sledge dogs. The Samoyed dogs
lived close to their owners, they even slept within the shelters and
were used as heaters. The British zoologist Ernest
Kilburn Scott spent three months among Samoyed Tribes in 1889.
Returning to England he brought with him a brown male
puppy called « Sabarka ». Later he imported a cream coloured bitch
called « Whitey Petchora » from the western side of
the Urals and a snow white male called « Musti » from Siberia.
These few dogs and those brought by the explorers are
the base for the western Samoyed. The first standard was written in
England in 1909.
: Medium in size, elegant, a white Arctic Spitz. In appearence
gives the impression of
power, endurance, charm, suppleness, dignity and self-confidence.
The expression, the so called « Samoyed Smile »,
is made up of a combination of eye shape and position, and the slightly
curved up corners of the mouth.
The sex should be clearly stamped.
PROPORTIONS : The
length of the body is approximately 5% more than the height at
the withers. The depth of the body is slightly less than the half of
the height at the withers.
The muzzle is approximately as long as the skull.
Friendly, open, alert and lively.
The hunting instinct is very slight. Never shy nor aggressive.
Very social and cannot be used as guard dog.
Powerful and wedge-shaped.
: viewed from the front and in profile only slightly convex.
Broadest between the ears.
Slightly visible furrow between the eyes.
: Clearly defined but not too prominent.
: Well developed, preferably
black. During some periods of the year the pigment of the nose can
fade to a
so called « winter nose » ; there must however always be dark
pigment at the edges of the nose.
: Strong and deep, approximately as long as the skull, gradually
tapering towards the nose, neither snipey nor
heavy and square. The bridge of the nose is straight.
: Close fitting, black and rather full. The corners of the mouth
are slightly curved forming the characteristic
« Samoyed Smile ».
Regular and complete scissor bite. The teeth and the jaws are
strong. Normal dentition.
: Dark brown in colour, well-set in the sockets, placed rather apart,
somewhat slanting and almond-shaped.
The expression is « smiling », kind, alert and intelligent. The
eyerims are black.
: Erect, rather small, thick,
triangular and slightly rounded at the tips.
They should be mobile, set high ; due to the broad skull well apart.
: Strong and of medium length with a proud carriage.
: Slightly longer than the height at the withers, deep and compact
: Clearly defined.
: Of medium length, muscular and straight ; in females slightly
longer than in males.
: Short, very strong and defined.
: Full, strong, muscular and slightly sloping.
: Broad, deep and long, reaching almost to the elbows. The ribs are
: Moderate tuck-up.
: Set rather high. When the dog is alert and in motion the tail is
carried bent from the root forward
over the back or side, but may be hanging at rest, then reaching to
: Well placed and muscular with strong bones. Viewed from the front
straight and parallel.
: Long, firm and sloping.
: Oblique and close to the body. Approximately as long as the
: Close to the body.
: Strong but supple.
: Oval with long toes, flexible and pointing straight forward.
Toes arched and not too tightly knit. Elastics pads.
Viewed from behind straight and parallel with very strong muscles.
: Of medium length, rather broad and muscular.
: Well angulated.
: Rather low and well angulated.
: Short, strong, vertical and parallel.
: As front feet. The dewclaws should be removed.
: Powerful, free and tireless in appearance with long stride. Good
reach in the forequarters
and good driving power in the hindquarters.
: Profuse, thick, flexible and dense polar coat. The Samoyed is a
double coated dog with short, soft and dense
undercoat and longer, more harsh and straight outer coat. The coat
should form a ruff around the neck and shoulders
framing the head, especially in males. On head and on front of
legs, hair is short and smooth ; on outside of ears
short, standing off and smooth. Inside the ears should be well
furred. On back of the thighs the hair forms trousers.
There should be a protective growth of hair between the toes. The
tail should be profusely covered with hair.
The coat of the female is often shorter and softer in texture than
that of the male. The correct coat texture
should always have a special glistening sheen.
: Pure white, cream or white with biscuit. (The basic colour to be
white with a few biscuit markings.)
Should never give the impression of being pale brown.
Height at withers
: Ideal height : male 57 cm with a tolerance of
3 cm and females 53 cm with a
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault
and the seriousness with
which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to
Visible faults in structure.
not masculine and females not feminine.
Double twisted tail.
Low on the legs.
Badly bow-legged or cow
Wavy or short coated
throughout, long, soft or coat hanging down.
areas on eyerims or lips.
ELIMINATING FAULTS :
Eyes blue or of different
Overshot or undershot bite.
Ears not erect.
Coat colour other than
permitted in the standard.
Shy or aggressive
: Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully
descended into the scrotum.